Timber houses — the best projects of wooden houses. Design novelties + 200 photos
Timber houses are a popular solution these days. Houses built from this material have a number of positive qualities and cost the owners quite inexpensively. The popularity of log houses is due to their environmental friendliness, high construction speed and relatively low cost.
Brief content of the article:
More about the material
Beam is an environmentally friendly material made from solid wood by sawing. Unlike logs, the bars have even sides and fit tightly to each other, due to which the high strength of the house and excellent heat and sound insulation are achieved.
The shape of the beam is most often rectangular, but a square beam (for example, 150 × 150) can be used to build frames. If we are talking about finishing houses from a bar, then a rectangular bar is used.
More than 90% of modern timber is made from coniferous trees. It is coniferous wood that perfectly retains heat, is resistant to low and high temperatures, and is also able to maintain its ideal state for many years.
Strength and resistance to decay is achieved due to the high percentage of resin content in the wood structure. Before delivery, the timber is additionally treated with antiseptics and dried to the required value. That is why, when choosing a timber for building a house, you can be sure that pests will not start in it and rot will not spread.
The beam is classified according to several parameters. Depending on the geometric shape, the beam can be simple and profiled. The construction of houses from a bar can be carried out using both types of material.
A simple bar has a rectangular or square shape and absolutely even sides. In other words, it is a simple rectangle or square without any extra thread.
The profiled timber is offered in a rectangular shape, and also has additional ridges, grooves and locks created in the wood structure. Thanks to this additional thread, the links are securely folded together (like a puzzle), due to which high heat and sound insulation is achieved. Houses made of profiled timber are a little more expensive, but these costs are fully justified.
The second important classification is the manufacturing method. On the market there is a solid beam and glued. The first is made in a completely familiar way: sawing out a rectangle or square from solid wood, followed by alignment and processing.
Glued laminated timber is produced in a completely different way. First, boards of the same length and width are made from coniferous trees. Then they are treated with antiseptics and glued together under high pressure using natural resins.
Despite the complexity of the procedure, modern technologies make it possible to create glued elements of absolutely the same size (100 × 150, etc.).
The beam is simple and versatile. This material does not require careful control and lengthy calculations, as, for example, when laying bricks. That is why the projects of houses from a bar can be very different. From this material, you can build 1-storey and multi-storey houses with different layouts. Read here about the pediment of the house.
It is also important that the weight of the beam is less than the weight of other materials, so such houses do not require the creation of high-strength and expensive foundations. Read here: The basement of the house.
Projects must be adapted to the conditions in which the house will be built: type of soil, climate, etc. Thanks to modern technologies, you can order the construction of a house both according to standard projects and according to individual requirements. Numerous photos of log houses clearly demonstrate how diverse their design and layout can be.
By the way, the interior of houses made of timber turns out to be very attractive, which is achieved due to the versatility of the material and its beautiful appearance (even without additional decorative processing). Additional external beauty can be given to the house by using large panoramic windows, additional decorative elements, etc.
Advantages of log houses
Despite the low cost, such houses have many advantages, including:
- beautiful appearance (to look attractive and modern, the material does not need additional processing);
- ecological purity (there are no harmful chemicals in the structure, and natural resins are used as antiseptics);
- fast construction (it takes about 3-4 weeks to build a one-story house from a bar);
- savings on the foundation (large investments are not required in it, since the load on it is quite low);
- resistance to external negative influences (additional impregnation allows the timber to endure the effects of high and low temperatures, high humidity and even fire);
- price (such houses are much cheaper than brick houses), etc.
If earlier wooden buildings were accompanied by many problems (rotting, low thermal insulation, susceptibility to fire, etc.), today there are no such problems. Modern timber goes through several stages of manufacture, and is also tested for compliance with GOST. That is why the security of such buildings is at a high level.
Are there any disadvantages?
If we talk about the minuses of structures made of timber, then they are much less than the pros. All the negative qualities of timber are associated with the lack of its high-quality processing. For example, if the wood is not dried to the required value, the risk of rotting increases.
High-quality timber must be dried in special chambers, which takes from 10 to 20 days. Also, the lack of high-quality drying slows down the shrinkage process.
The second important point is antiseptic and fire-fighting impregnation. If the wood is not treated with these means, the reliability of the building will not be as high. If the timber is treated with the necessary solutions, you need to make sure of their quality. To do this, you can ask the manufacturer to provide the necessary information about the material.
Ordering the construction of such a house today is very simple. You can build it at any time of the year, in just a few weeks. At the same time, the construction company takes into account the wishes of customers, finalizing existing projects or creating new individual ones.
Photo of houses from a bar
Save the article to your page:
Post published: 06.12
Join the discussion: