Reproduction of zamiokulkas: how to grow a stylish flower at home for free

A dollar tree is a real decoration of a home flower garden or winter garden. It is highly valued for its unpretentiousness and unusual foliage shape. An evergreen bush with dense glossy leaves always looks beautiful and attractive. But it grows rather slowly and practically does not bloom at home. Even with good care, the plant does not live more than 10 years, so you should take care of its reproduction in advance. We will analyze all the available ways to propagate zamiokulkas.

All about self-propagation of zamiokulkas

When to propagate
5 ways to propagate exotic
– cuttings
— rachis leaf
— sheet plate
— Separation of the rhizome
— Seeds
Features of seedling care
What does a young plant need

When to propagate

Zamioculcas is an unusual flower. It has no stems and branches. Instead, he releases rachis directly from the root. These are erect, compound leaves. At the base of each of them is a tuber, in which substances necessary for life accumulate. You need to know about these features of the exotic in order to successfully propagate it. In addition, in order to obtain healthy seedlings, it is necessary to observe the seasonality inherent in the bush in nature.

It is successfully propagated during the period of stormy vegetation, which occurs at the end of spring-beginning of summer.. By autumn, the seedling will form and strengthen, overwinter normally and begin to grow in the spring.

  • Zamioculcas flower: growing and care at home

    house plants

    Zamioculcas flower: growing and care at home

How to propagate zamiokulkas at home

When breeding exotic at home, you need to be patient. It grows very slowly. The formation of a new nodule takes about two to three months. Only after that, he will begin to form a rachis. That is a new leaf will appear no earlier than in three to six months. This rule «works» with any method of reproduction, and there may be several. We will analyze in detail the different options for propagating a dollar tree.

1. Cuttings

This method is most often used by gardeners. For rooting, you will need a completely healthy rachis leaf from an adult plant, soil and small containers.. Then they act in this sequence.

  1. Prepare pots. Small seedling containers or small disposable glasses will do. Make holes in them for drainage.
  2. Pour in the soil mixture. Fine, cleaned sand, steamed substrate without humus, coconut fiber filler or sphagnum moss are suitable for backfilling.
  3. Prepare planting material. With a sharp tool, cut off the rachis leaf near the base. Divide it by internodes into several fragments. Each cutting should have a leaf node and one or two leaves.
  4. Treat the slices with crushed activated charcoal. Set the cuttings aside for an hour and a half to two hours to dry.
  5. Slightly moisten the substrate. Let the moisture soak in.
  6. Plant the prepared cutting in the ground. The lower half of the leaf node should be immersed in the soil mixture, and the upper one should remain open.

The first watering is carried out in two days. The substrate should be moderately moistened, the leaves should also be slightly moistened. After two or three months, the rooted seedling is ready for transplanting.

You can do it differently and root cuttings in water. The sequence of actions will be as follows.

  1. Prepare planting material. With a sharp disinfected scalpel, cut off the upper part of the leaf 7-8 cm long. Remove the lower feather leaves, leaving only two or three upper ones.
  2. Place the prepared cutting in a glass of water. It should cover about half of the stem.
  3. Top up water regularly or change it completely. The level must remain unchanged.

After two or three months, rooting will end, and the seedling can be transplanted into the ground.

2. Leaf-rachis

Good results are obtained when propagating zamiokulkas with a leaf. As a planting material, a whole complex-pinnate branch-leaf is used.. Only completely healthy, well-developed specimens are selected. With a disinfected sharp tool, the shoot is cut off from the bush. Then proceed in the same way as when rooting the cuttings. If soil is supposed to be used, the cut is sprinkled with crushed coal and dried. Then planted in moist soil mixture. Or they remove a few lower leaves and lower the branch into the water. In any case, the roots will appear in two to three months.


3. Sheet plate

Feather leaves located on a branch are also used as planting material.. The sequence of actions for rooting is as follows.

  1. Prepare containers with nutrient substrate. Moisten the soil.
  2. With a sharp tool, cut off the leaf plates from the rachis. Choose only healthy, undamaged specimens.
  3. Powder the cuts with charcoal or any growth stimulator of the Kornevin type. Dry the leaves for one and a half to two hours.
  4. Plant the leaf in a container, deepening a third of the length into the soil mixture.

The seedling should be watered periodically, but not waterlogged. Roots will appear in about two months. Then the bush can be transplanted.

4. Separation of the bush

Of all the ways to propagate a dollar tree at home, this gives the fastest result. You can almost immediately get a small bush with several branches. True, the technique is one of the most “dangerous” for the plant: the risk of its death is quite high. That’s why for division, only healthy adult bushes are chosen, in which several points of growth are clearly visible. Let’s analyze the sequence of actions.

  1. Carefully remove the plant from the pot, being careful not to damage the roots. If it doesn’t work out, the plastic container can be cut, the clay container can be broken.
  2. Gently shake the soil off the roots and inspect them. Determine how many parts the rhizome can be divided into. Each delenka should have a rooted tuber with a rosette of leaves coming out of it.
  3. With a sharp disinfected tool, cut the rhizome into pieces. Try to do everything accurately to cause minimal damage to the flower.
  4. Powder the cuts with crushed charcoal or a Kornevin-type stimulant. Leave to dry for two to three hours.
  5. Plant prepared delenki in pots with moist soil.

5. Seeds

This is another option for how Zamioculcas reproduces. True, flower growers choose it very rarely. At home, exotic almost does not bloom and does not produce seeds.. They need to be bought, which is not always possible. However, it is still possible to grow a bush from a seed. Prepare a container with soil mixture. For its preparation, peat and washed sand are mixed in a 1: 1 ratio. If desired, instead of peat, you can take vermiculite.

Before sowing, the seeds are treated with a pink solution of potassium permanganate, allowed to dry and mixed with sand. This will make it easier to sow. Sow in moist soil. Cover the container with foil, clean in heat. The mini-greenhouse should be periodically ventilated, moderately watered. Waterlogging is highly undesirable for crops. The first sprouts will appear after 2-3 months. Later they need to be thinned out, leaving only strong and healthy specimens. When two leaves grow, the seedlings are planted in separate pots.


Care of young plants

The seedling first forms nodules, from which rachis will subsequently appear. Therefore, one should not expect a rapid growth of green mass from him. It is necessary to give him the opportunity to form a full-fledged root system. For this, the size of the pot is very important. If it is too large, you will have to wait a long time for the leaves. After all, until the entire volume is filled, rachis leaves will not appear.

Seedling care is not difficult. It should be watered moderately and only as the earthen coma dries up. Normal humidity is enough for him, increased is not needed. However, if the air is too dry, it is better to cover the bush with a film or glass cap. Only in this case it must be regularly ventilated. When the seedling forms a rosette of 2-3 full-fledged rachis leaves, it is transplanted into a new pot. Such a plant is already considered an adult.

What conditions are needed for a flower

Exot under natural conditions grows in arid hot places, so it tolerates high temperatures well. In summer they can be from 20 to 26 ° C, in winter he needs coolness of 16-18 ° C. High humidity is not needed. Spraying is required only for hygienic purposes.

Zamiculcas is photophilous, grows best in bright but diffused light. Light day — at least 10-12 hours. If it is much shorter, additional illumination is desirable. The soil needs light and loose. On heavy soils, the flower gets sick and degenerates. The best option is a potting mix for succulents or cacti. To make it looser, add vermiculite or sand. You can make your own mix. To do this, peat, leafy soil and sand are mixed in equal proportions.

The pot should be small. The flower first grows tubers so that they fill the entire volume of the container. Only then does it form leaves. Therefore, a too large pot is not needed. It slows down the development of the bush. The container must be stable: overgrown massive branches can overturn it. Drainage holes are required at the bottom. Another important condition is the creation of a drainage layer. It can be expanded clay, broken brick, small pebbles, etc.



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