Installation of an electric stove in the sauna
The choice of consumers depends on the budget series, requests for the quality factor of the unit. Many are interested in the latest models equipped with additional options. One requirement remains important — the ability to connect the furnace to the network in 220v, to understand, it will be necessary to bring a 3-phase or 1-phase line.
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What is important in choosing a stove for a sauna
Installing an electric heater in a sauna is a dream of every owner of a country house. Such a move brings the home sauna to a higher level of comfort, makes it possible to enjoy the steam at a convenient time. Proper operation of the stove requires competent planning of the entire arrangement of the sauna, the device according to the rules of the ventilation system. Bath models of electric stoves differ in the type of installation, this should be taken into account when choosing a model, in arranging all sauna equipment.
According to the type of installation, the user prefers wall or floor units, with a cylindrical shape — high and narrow. It will successfully stand up in any room of the sauna, will not take up much space. When the area of the steam room allows, buyers choose among any variety of models.
The device of the outer casing of the furnace:
Open oven sauna electric retains heat for a long time, effectively releases steam. A closed oven is used when the owner prefers a well-heated room with the most dry air. An important parameter for choosing a furnace is its power. In the store, the buyer must be ready to answer the seller’s competent questions about the area of the steam room, the available electrical supplies, their cross section, the desired shape of the unit, and the type of its intended device. The store consultant will help you calculate the power based on the area of the steam room. According to the physiological and technical parameters, the steam room can be optimally heated sauna stove, with the calculation of consumption per 1 cubic meter of area 1-1.5 kW of energy.
Consultants recommend purchasing units «in reserve», with the function of temperature control. Then the unit will confidently endure the specified operational loads, and will work out the warranty period given by the manufacturer without any problems. Powerful oven in a home sauna, a bathhouse will require a new electrical wire, with the allocation of a separate line, with a cross section required by the power of the selected unit indicated by the manufacturers.
The choice requires taking into account the volume of the inner chamber where the stones are laid for heating. Sauna Electric Oven a small area will quite effectively warm the room if its volume is 20-26 kg. For large steam rooms, you need to purchase models with a volume of more than 50 kg in order to get enough warmth and comfort.
It is important to arrange high-quality thermal insulation in the sauna, initially build it with thick load-bearing walls. This eliminates heat loss, allows the furnace to operate in normal temperature conditions. When steam room is arranged in the old bathhouse, it is recommended to purchase a stove with a large power reserve, which can block heat losses and provide comfort to those who like to take a steam bath.
Buyers pre-select the manufacturer of furnaces, trade brand. European-made units are of the highest quality, but are in the highest price category. Models of domestic brands are much cheaper, our manufacturers offer technologically simply arranged, high-quality electric furnaces. Chinese manufacturers offer cheap models, among them you can also find reliable options for budget stoves.
Placement of the unit in a home bath
The type of placement of furnaces is distinguished by two options — floor and wall. Correctly install and connect oven in bathhouse can be the owner himself, without inviting specialists. The main thing is to do everything without haste, strictly adhere to the requirements specified in the Installation Instructions, and make sure that all fire safety rules are followed during installation. Different types of heaters require distinctive conditions for their installation. Some require the connection of the RCD and the heater to a separate dedicated electrical line with wires of sufficient cross section. Other RCDs are strictly prohibited, they require the installation of a difavtomat.
There is also a difference in voltage requirements: one furnace sauna electric has a need for 220V, others definitely need to draw a line with a voltage of 380 volts. The characteristics of some models indicate the possibility of their connection to single-phase and 3-phase network lines, in the Instructions this is indicated by numbers — “220/380”. According to the state standard, household electrical networks have a voltage of 220 volts. More buyers are set to choose to make the heater electric for saunas worked from such networks. This saves them the hassle and expense of setting up a separate electrical line.
But if the owner wants to arrange a sauna with a strong and adjustable heat, he needs to choose a more powerful unit, and go to the expense of a separate electrical line, with the installation of a difavtomat. In fact, the voltage consumption significantly depends on the strength of the chosen heater, on the area of the sauna, which you want to warm up to the desired temperature. Owners of a large family, and counting on the reception of guests, in the bathhouse will need a large electric stove, which requires a network of 380 volts.
For small and medium steam rooms, it is enough to install a heater with a power of 7 kW, then a conventional electrical network with a consumption of 220 volts will be fine, but the wire cross-section must always be checked and old wires replaced with new ones. This is what fire safety regulations require.
It is allowed to conduct an electrical voltage of 380 volts to the house, to the apartment, while three phases must be taken. Here, difficulties will arise with obtaining permission, replacing the wires so that they correspond to the cross section of the voltage used, with their insulation. The payment for electricity will still depend not on the network, but on energy consumption.
Hosted electric oven for sauna taking into account whether it is equipped with a steam generator. Sauna — the same bath, only with dry air. As such, the oven does not produce much steam, the main task of the oven is to give a dry heat that makes people sweat well. Vapors are removed by a well-established convection.
Low-temperature steam is visible over regular pots in the master’s kitchen. It is thick, white in color, many people endure it hard. Superheated steam in the sauna is not visible, it is light, airy. It is this kind of steam that the heater’s steam generator should give, which is usually placed in baths of a large area. A normal sauna is suitable for steam coming from the unit in the design of all heaters. Steam generators must be used carefully to get more dry steam by lowering the heating temperature of the heater.
Steam generators are necessary if the sauna is designed to operate in two modes:
- like regular saunas;
- like Russian banyas.
For this, different types of heaters are designed, they quickly heat the bath to 60 degrees, the steam generator regulator produces fine steam. The owner gets the effect of a real Russian bathhouse. Depends on, how to choose an electric sauna heater.
Methods for placing heaters in saunas are shown in the photo.
Mounting the stove on the wall
Exclusive models that involve wall mounting are fundamentally different. Usually they are made of unique, patented by manufacturers, heat-resistant alloys with a high content of Ni, Ti, Al, Cr. The main material in the manufacture of housings is high-strength monolithic steel, coated with a layer of corrosion protection. How to choose an electric sauna stove volume up to 12 m³, for 3-4 people, with a wall-mounted installation — the store consultant will tell you. You will need a heater with a working power of 8 kW, you can choose a unit that structurally includes a steam generator, heating heating elements of an increased working resource, external beautiful linings, which at the same time take on the protection of users from splashes that come from stones heated to the limit.
Connection of wall models can be three-phase. Unit weight — up to 16 kg, plus loading with stones up to 20 kg. Models for wall mounting are usually compact, well suited for home saunas, baths. The steam generator available in the design maintains comfort and necessary humidity in the steam room for a long time.
Mounting the unit on the wall does not require the installation of an additional frame. A complete set with stones has a weight that can easily withstand the supporting structures of the sauna. It is not recommended to fix the electric oven on brick walls with plastic plugs. They dry quickly under the influence of high temperature, constant heat. From this, the stove may fall, damaging its body and decoration of the room.
Electric sauna heater usually equipped with additional functional devices.
- remote control unit with automatic maintenance of the set temperature;
- tubular electric heaters;
- built-in temperature control unit from 40 to 110 degrees.
Some models do not include stones, their owner chooses separately, buys, or takes them from his household. Heating devices work flawlessly with proper connection to electrical networks, in compliance with the rules of electrics and fire safety. The feasibility of connecting wall-mounted stoves is determined by specialized specialists.
Ways to place wall stoves in the sauna photo
Installing a sauna heater on the floor
Outdoor types of electric heaters in the sauna must have built-in IPX4 protection. The function is necessary so that splashes and drops of water do not harm the unit. Such protection allows the heater to work flawlessly in a given mode. Electric heaters are not as demanding as wood-fired brick structures. They do not need to specially arrange foundations, chimneys. The floor under the stove is laid out with heat-resistant tiles, a sheet of hardened metal is placed for greater reliability.
Floor ovens are designed for large rooms. Their choice of body shape is varied.
They can be:
- rectangular shape;
- square shape;
- corner design.
The choice of the shape of the body recommends taking into account the volume of the steam room. Constructive types are also interesting, they can be open, closed. Closed design heaters maintain the set temperature for a long time, open-type units provide accelerated heating of the steam room. Cases are made of stainless heat-resistant steel, aluminum, cast iron. Cast iron models are considered the most reliable and durable, in addition, they have a high heat capacity. Metal units made of different materials are practical to use, provide quick and uniform heating of the air.
How to choose an electric heater for a mini-bath
«Mini» is considered a sauna with a small room no more than 1.5 cubic meters. It is calculated for the simultaneous presence in the steam room of 1-2 people. The recent trend is the arrangement of small bathhouses right in the apartment of an urban building. They consume little electricity, the main thing is to provide reliable thermal insulation. The heaters in the mini-sauna are small. Manufacturers put the words “Mini”, “Compact” on these devices.
The market represents mini-heaters with trademarks:
- Sawo; Mini and Mini-X series;
- Harvia; series Vega Compact, Delta.
These are the most common brands of mini ovens. Other manufacturers have them too. The positive and negative aspects of using mini-ovens are common to all electrical units installed in a home bath.
- making electric heaters from different metals;
- electricity is directly converted into thermal energy;
- mobility of devices, the possibility of installation anywhere in the steam room;
- the power of small heaters installed in apartments is compared with an electric kettle, the device consumes less energy than home steam irons;
- proper grounding ensures fire safety.
- the use of electricity is quite expensive;
- mini-sauna is calculated no more than for two people present;
- difficulties with wires; it is necessary to invite an electrician to conduct a three-phase wire when the heater consumes 380 volts of energy; for a competent grounding device.
There are mini-heaters that are designed to work from networks with standard 220 volts, if the owner knows how to make grounding, he will be able to connect such a stove on his own. It is important to be sure of the reliability of the wiring.
Safety rules for the operation of electric stoves in the sauna
When installing an electric heating unit in a home sauna, you must comply with the requirements of the Operating Instructions, fire and electrical safety rules. Then the stove will work with a high level of efficiency, which is what a prudent owner needs. The stones are laid out so that they completely cover the heating elements, this prevents them from splashing water. This is especially important for tubular heaters, as this prolongs their service life.
Installation of devices requires reliable fixation of the output terminals. If the owner follows the established rules, is confident in his abilities, he can not involve specialists, do everything with his own hands.
Photo of the electric stove in the sauna:
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Post published: 14.10
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