Roof filing — do-it-yourself installation instructions (80 photos)
After the main installation, the roof needs cosmetic repairs — a neat finish of the overhangs (protruding from the walls of the lower part). It is not at all necessary to do this, many do not hem this part of the house for many reasons, both financial and technological reasons.
But there is a serious argument in favor of carrying out final cosmetic measures with the roof — the danger that strong gusts of wind will simply tear off the coating. Yes, and the whole «pie filling» in plain sight — waterproofing, insulation, rafters — looks ugly, speaks of the incompleteness of roofing.
Roof overhangs are sheathed to protect walls and foundations from atmospheric precipitation. At the final stage, when all roofing work is completed, the outer walls are insulated.
Brief content of the article:
Types of roof lining
Finishing cosmetic finishing of roofs is carried out in two versions:
- Cornice filing;
- Frontal overhang trim.
The cornice overhang supplies fresh air to the roof cavities, the attic space. With dense clogging, improper installation, the “roofing cake” will not be ventilated, moisture will begin to accumulate.
The complete absence of skin causes problems of a serious nature:
- Roof blown off;
- Damage to waterproofing, insulation by birds, mice, insects,
- Rotting rafters, important supporting structural elements;
- Leakage of the ceiling (when water gets into the cavity of the «roofing pie», the destruction of the waterproofing) with its subsequent collapse.
Finishing the overhangs of the eaves is always done not solid, but ventilated!
- The wall of the building, and the wooden filing — have gaps (gaps) left during installation work, covered with a mesh to protect against insects, flying leaves, dry branches;
- The use of ventilation grilles when finishing overhangs with metal sheets, slabs, wooden lining;
- The use of perforated material in the process of finishing overhangs with spotlights.
The lateral part of the roof slope forms an inclined gable overhang. In the process of hemming, we take care of tightness so that a strong gusty wind does not drive snow, raindrops onto the boards, into the space between them, protruding from the crate.
Wet insulation will no longer retain heat well. Damaged waterproofing will not be able to fully perform its functions.
Finishing of uncovered elements
The visible end parts of the structure are called «edges». Often, components are included with roofing materials, they do not need to be manufactured independently.
Overhangs have open areas that need protection, neat design:
- Cornice — rafters, their end part;
- Gable — crate, its protruding ends.
Before filing the eaves, evenly, keeping the distance, all protruding ends of the rafters, fillies are cut off. They are fastened with a strapping board, on top of which the frontal one is nailed. Usually the last fastening element is metal, but it can be wooden, treated with a special protective compound.
A gutter is mounted on the frontal board along the eaves.
When making a gable overhang, we align the protruding parts of the crate. We nail the end board to the edges, the ridge beam, which is covered with a finishing roofing material at the finish.
In the photo you can see popular types of roof sheathing using a variety of materials. All the numerous existing finishes ultimately come down to two design methods:
- Direct truss;
- Horizontal finish.
Direct filing of roof overhangs is less troublesome, the easiest. It is important that the edges of the rafters are common, the roof has a small slope. Seal — at the ends of the crate.
With a steep slope, horizontal edging is performed. A wooden box is being constructed, which is attached to the ends of the rafters, to the surface of the wall. With the help of bars of this design, fixed at different heights, they make a slope for water to drain.
In the process of filing the gable overhang, we ignore the design of the cornice. We attach beams to the ends of the crate, along which we make the finish.
Each master, working with a roof, has his own idea of how to do it correctly. What type of work to perform on the site. What is best to use in a given situation.
The modern construction market offers the following set of material for roof sheathing:
- Decorating with soffits;
- Use of OSB;
- Plywood upholstery;
- Use of sheet steel;
- Roof sheathing with corrugated board;
- Decoration with PVC panels;
- The use of wooden lining;
- Sheathing with a planed, edged board of coniferous species.
In the process of selecting material, we take into account the style of home decoration. The dark wood that was used to insulate the outer walls will not be in harmony with the snow-white lining used in the decoration of the overhangs! Reasonable contrast is important.
All materials are sold by the meter — 1 sq.m is taken into account. In the process of making a decision on finishing the roof, we start from financial possibilities.
The cheapest simple option is sheathing overhangs with a board treated with a special antiseptic composition. A little more expensive — the design of a wooden clapboard. Roof filing with waterproof siding is no less popular.
Expensive, elite option — finishing overhangs with spotlights. Finishing with plywood, corrugated board — a little cheaper.
Working with spotlights is the easiest way to hem the roof with your own hands without involving specialists. This material is specially designed for the design of overhangs, designed for this type of work.
Spotlights are made of copper, steel, aluminum, plastic (vinyl). They have different colors. There are:
- Solid ;
Soffits are convenient in that they can be selected for every taste, decorate any home with them. Working with them is not difficult. Planks are simply cut, fixed, assembled as a constructor. As a result, the roof looks beautiful, elegant, stylish.
Errors during roofing.
Working with spotlights is a real pleasure for the masters of their craft. The ease of assembly attracts many non-professionals to the process of actively using them. Based on the popular mistakes made by them, we will give a number of useful recommendations:
- We follow the installation process, we achieve accuracy in design.
- We securely fix the soffit panels. We do not save on fasteners. Otherwise, a strong wind will tear off the entire structure;
- We carry out filing after installing gutters, at the end of the design, insulation of external walls;
- We use stainless fasteners so that rust stains do not spoil the aesthetic appearance.
- We observe the technological gap — we fasten the panels with indents.
Thus, decorating your home, making cosmetic repairs, you need to reasonably approach the choice of building material. Do not buy, for example, a lining that is too thin or a planed board that is not suitable for technical parameters.
In the absence of experience, it is better not to learn from your mistakes yourself, to involve specialists in your field — builders, architects, designers — in the design process. This is the only way to make your home fashionable, stylish, elegant, and not spoil expensive building material.
Roof filing photo
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Post published: 05.12
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